Good Governance is defined as governance which has the participation of the village headman, the traditional heads, NGOs and other stakeholders.
In this regard, the BDU, WKH District initiated two tourism projects, viz.,
AThese two villages has a great potential to develop tourism and improve the livelihood of the people. The Tourism Department has requested the Deputy Commissioner to initiate the process of development of tourism by convincing the villagers to provide land. The DC-cum-Chairman, BDU taking forward the intention of the Government organised a meeting-cum-visit of all line departments and officers from the District Administration with the vilagers at Nongkhnum river island on the 19th June, 2013 in order to familiarise the potentials and capacity of the people to absorb the interventions intended to be provided for enhancing the livelihood of the residents of the island. Land was surveyed and MOU was signed on the 19th June 2013 with the land owners for an area of about 9.09 acres including raod. The land was acquired and handed over to the Directorate of Tourism accordingly.
Visit to the Mawphanlur village and meeting thereafter with the villagers to take forward the intentions of the Government was also conducted on the 6th July 2013. Efforts are on to create and improve the existing infrastructure like roads, tourist houses, water, sanitation, etc, in these places. The construction and black topping of road from Markasa to Mawphanlur Tourist Village has been proposed to the Government
The aim of the Exposure Visit is to enable the farmers to learn new technologies evolved at the Central MugaEri Research & Training Institute in various aspects of Mugacultureviz.,techniques of propagation and maintenance of foodplants, silkworm rearing, seed production and production of silk and in turn apply those technologies for better performance in their sericultural activities in order to raise their income from sericulture and simultaneously enhance their standard of living.Introduction of newly evolved technologies from time to time to farmers is of utmost importance and to incorporate otherwise replace older methods by new ones to bring about a more profitable way of earning their livelihood from sericulture
1 Methods of plantation: The farmers were shown and explained of the various methods of how to maintain their muga plantations with recommended spacing for both chawki and late-age rearing plots say for chawki they were taught to maintain a spacing of 2 x 2 metres whereas for late-age rearing a spacing of 3 x 3 metres or 4 x 4 metres.
2Muga Grainage(Seed Preparation): The farmers were taken to the grainage section and shown the various techniques of muga seed preparation. It was stressed upon farmers the importance of disinfection at the beginning of every seed preparation and in all other activities using 2% Formalin and Lime.They were also taught the importance of cleanliness and hygiene and to maintain a grainage room that is free of any odour or smell. The farmers were also shown the technique of how to pair muga moths and the optimum period required for pairing i.e., 8-10 hours that should be done in a clean and semi-dark room.
3Pathology: The farmers were also taken to the pathology section where they have been taught and shown the various diseases affecting the muga silkworm and mugafoodplants and how to take care of them through mechanical and chemical measures such as removal of infected and dead branches and applicaton of lime at the bottom of plants before rearing of the silkworm.
4Post-cocoon(Silk Reeling & Spinning):The farmers were also taken to the post-cocoon unit where they were shown the cocoon stifling machine for stifling of muga cocoons and also the cocoon storage equipment for proper storage of cocoons.They were also shown the Muga Silk Reeling Machine and also the Muga Silk Re-reeling Machine for reeling of silk but no operation was done since there was no reeling activities at the time of the visit.They were also shown the Eri Silk Spinning Machines and taught how to operate the machines for production of Eri silk also.The farmers were also taken to the Eri Section to make them also aware of the technologies of Eri silkworm rearing.
1Methods of Plantation The farmers were taken to the Eri plantations and shown the various types of food plants used for rearing of the Eri silkworm and their method of plantation such as castor and kessseru.They were also taught the use of other foodplants such as borkesseru and tapioca also for rearing of the silkworm. They were also shown the plants that are disease infected that should not be used during rearing of the silkworm
2Methods of Rearing: The farmers were taken to the Eri rearing house where they were shown the equipments such as the incubator for incubation of silkworm eggs for proper and uniform hatching and other equipments used for silkworm rearing. They were also taught the importance of cleanliness and maintenance of a clean and disease-free rearing house and the importance of disinfection before and after every rearing activity.The farmers were also shown and taught the methods of rearing of the eri silkworm such as feeding.The exposure visit is expected to increase the knowledge of the farmers which will increase their productivity and source of livelihood. Besides, the BDU in collaboration with the District Sericulture Officer has proposed a convergence project for setting up reeling units for the above trained farmers at an estimated cost of Rs 7 lakh which will be funded on 50:50 sharing basis. If approved, the project will go a long way in livelihood promotion and stand as an example for proper well thought intervention initiative under IBDLIP.
West Khasi Hills District has 865 number of villages covering the four Blocks as indicated below:
|#||Block||No of Villages||No of partners registered with the EFC as on July 2013|
These villages are so widespread and remotely located that they are inaccessible by normal vehicles like bus or van. Only a 4(four) wheel Drive Vehicle can access these villages. As such, arranging for awareness programmes becomes a challenge for the BDU/EFC. At present, awareness programmes are conducted only in centrally located villages which can be accessed by passenger vehicles or pooled vehicles of the DC’s Office. However, problem arises since passenger vehicles ply only between 8 AM to 2 PM. Failure to complete the awareness programmes within this time will result in inability to return back to Headquarter. Also, hiring of vehicles is too costly. Further, the pooled vehicle may not always be available for awareness programmes of IBDLIP. Keeping these constraints into consideration and after analysis of requirements and geographical location, the BDU decided that it was prudent to purchase only a 4WD vehicle for usage as an MMFC so that awareness programmes can be organised at all villages. The MMFC will emerge as a powerful audio-visual medium of reaching out to the people in rural areas and disseminate information about the objectives, components, accompanying missions, measures and interventions of IBDLIP through documentary films, etc. It will be equipped with the latest gadgets and shall travel far and wide to cover all the villages under West Khasi Hills District. It shall bridge the communication gap between the people and the State Government; promote inclusiveness, participation and good governance. The MMFC is a necessity if the objectives of Livelihood Promotion aimed by the IBDLIP Programme are to be achieved especially for a geographically challenged District like West Khasi Hills.
The District BDU, WKH has compiled the Balance Sheet, Income and Expenditure Statement and the Receipts and Payment Account for the years 2011-12 and 2012-13 both in manual and Tally format and the same has been audited by M/s P S Choudary & Associates, Chartered Accountants and forwarded to MBDA
The scheme is a micro-finance scheme which aims to provide financial assistance in the form of Margin Money (MM) to women entrepreneurs to start up small enterprises or expand their existing enterprises at the following rates:
In proportion to the MM, banks will also finance the loan component which is about Rs 20,000/-. The following number of women entrepreneurs have been identified by the District Level Financial Inclusion Committee and allotment will be released shortly:-
The BDU is however, facing few constraints in its implementation. These include issues such as lack of insurance companies in the district to insure the enterprises, emphasis of banks to produce No due Certificates iro all entrepreneurs, preparation of time-consuming Project Reports, etc. The issues were also apprised to the Finance and Planning Departments.